Autism and Age-Appropriate Interests
“Who gets to decide what is an age-appropriate interest for a disabled or autistic child?” This is an issue that has been on my mind a lot lately. My son will be 9 this summer, and as I’ve posted many times, he just loves all things Sesame Street. I’m starting to wonder if I should try harder to encourage other interests. Perhaps something more age-appropriate.
At a very early age (between 6-12 months) he showed a strong preference to all things Elmo, which of course is normal for babies and toddlers. As he gets older, it sometimes manifests as an autistic hyperfixation.
What we didn’t know, since he was not diagnosed with CVI until age 2, is that he also has a strong preference for rich, saturated colors.
Actually, all babies prefer those kinds of colors, which is why things like Sesame Street and Barney are more popular than pastel colored things. He has moved from Elmo to The Count to Ernie and back again.
But he loves his Sesame Street toys and books, and it’s why I continue to be an ambassador for Sesame Place. We love it that much. It’s fun for him and nostalgic for me.
But, while Sesame Place has rides and attractions for tweens and up, Sesame Street is thought by most people to be for the preschool set. Maybe up to Kindergarten or 1st grade, but not much past that. Am I right?
For the most part, I have fostered and encouraged his interest in this while at the same time trying to introduce him to new things.
Birthdays and holidays around here almost always have a bunch of Sesame Street items to be unwrapped and I am always on the hunt for more when I am out consignment shopping (he is very hard on toys and they wear out quickly).
Almost daily, he reads one of his many Sesame Street books on his 35-minute commute to school.
But lately, I’ve been wondering how much I should be encouraging rather than discouraging this interest and making a stronger attempt to introduce him to more “age-appropriate” things.
Last year I told the folks at Sesame Place that I felt that 2014 would be my last year as an ambassador, and then in 2015 I wanted to apply and be one again, still mentally telling myself that this would indeed be the last year as ‘Kevin is getting too old.’
See the list: Crossing Midline Activities for Older Kids
Autistic Age Appropriate Activities
Then I saw a comment on Facebook from a young man who has autism and is an outspoken self-advocate. He posted:
There is nothing age inappropriate about liking things.
That really got my wheels turning. I mean, he’s right. What is so inappropriate about liking things? Just because they were not designed with your age group in mind, why is that wrong?
Age Appropriate Activities for Adults with Developmental Disabilities
Think of the grown adult who dresses in costumes and collects all kinds of memorabilia to a character or comic book, and going to Comic-Con. We may call them nerds or geeks.
But I do not find that they are treated with the same disdain as a 15-year-old with autism who is still reading Thomas books and playing with Thomas trains.
Do large organizations (like Disney) create entire protocols, in an effort to steer these folks who “are just really big fans of something” in a different direction?
Nope, they feed the interest. Two organizations that I loathe have created entire documents and help for parents to force their kids out of this, to somewhat force a type of normalcy.
As I am writing this, there is a grown man on TV dressed as a soldier, talking about the Civil War re-enactments that he does. No one bats an eye. He’s even invited to a major station to promote it! Why?! Just because it’s educational? So is Sesame Street!
My dad has a friend who travels all over the place and dresses like a cowboy to do cowboy shoots. And all I ever hear about that is, ‘Oh, that looks like fun!’ No one thinks it’s odd that a grown man is playing cowboys. So why the double-standard when it comes to our kids?
Age Appropriate Activity Considerations
When I think of what internally bothers me about Kevin playing with toys for younger children, I have 3 main concerns:
- others judging him, perhaps even teasing/bullying him or his brother about it
- developing age-appropriate skills (such as moving past picture books and reading more difficult books, or moving past the skills required to play with a Sesame Street toy and on to something like Lego or K’Nex)
- is it condescending, demeaning and patronizing to do this, or does it invite others to “treat him like a baby?”
Ok, so the first one is all about others, not my kids. If others have a problem with it, it is indeed their problem, not mine. I will address all bullying concerns as they happen and as I hear about them.
I personally don’t care what others think of me and the side-glances that I may get in a restaurant if he has a Sesame Street toy.
Everyone is different and if he’s not bothering others, people need to learn to be more accepting. (I think this is a mantra we should adopt for a lot of things we see, not just older kids with toys!)
List of Age Appropriate Activities for Adults
Here is a list of how you can adapt everyday activities to make them more appropriate for autistic adults or developmentally disabled adults.
- Movies: Adults go to G films and animated movies all the time. Why would you force someone to watch a movie they don’t understand? Pick a movie that people will like. At the same time, don’t infantilize disabled adults. If they can handle adult themes and language, let them. Don’t force them to watch cartoons.
- Board Games: Bingo can be played with pictures instead of numbers (check out this football bingo). You can use large dominoes to accommodate fine motor skill deficits. If a person likes to play board games, let them. You can have a group play that football bingo game I referenced above and they can then participate in Super Bowl festivities.
- Outdoor Play Equipment: Why do we think there is an age limit on swings? If someone wants to swing to satisfy a need related to interoception, let them. Or, adapt it. Let the adult wander and wade in a creek, for example.
- Poetry Reading: Why not host a poetry reading? They may enjoy the rhythm and cadence of it.
- Video Games: There are so many video game options out there, either for individuals or groups.
- Crafts or Coloring: Adult coloring pages are all the rage now. Go into any store and you’ll find coloring pages for older kids or adults, and a variety of crayons or markers.
Should We Force Age-Appropriate Behavior?
As far as age-appropriate skills, I wouldn’t force my non-disabled child to perform tasks before he is ready, so why would I do it for Kevin? You can guide, you can encourage, and you can challenge.
But if a child doesn’t have skills, they don’t have skills. You just teach and practice more. Taking away the toys and items that they do have success with, I don’t see how that is helpful.
Just like I wouldn’t take away Brian’s beginning readers and force him to read War and Peace, why would I take away things that Kevin is not developmentally ready to part with?
I suppose the case can be made that some kids do not have the ability to move past some topics and that they perseverate and that we cannot expect them to do this on their own.
I still do not expect Kevin to do it on his own. I still will encourage him and challenge him, but at the same time allow him to enjoy what he loves.
The third one I no longer struggle with, as it relates to #1. Society already mistreats him or he is misunderstood. If he has a Sesame Street toy at a restaurant, am I really dooming him or the disability community to more mistreatment and more misunderstanding? I don’t think so.
Again, back to my mantra at #1, more understanding and acceptance is needed. And I don’t think taking away things that my son likes go to help the cause. In fact, in many cases, these toys and items are calming and reassuring to these kids and help them in public.
Taking away a support item may create outbursts or tantrums and then I have created a situation.
This isn’t just kids with disabilities, this issue has been discussed regarding older people and Alzheimer’s or dementia. Doll therapy is also somewhat controversial, but as the first commenter on that article states, “It is all about feelings, and if a doll produces good feelings then, by all means, let it be. While it is heartbreaking to watch, but my friend is experiencing calm. That is worth everything.”
It is heartbreaking to watch a loved one regress with Alzheimer’s, just as it is painful at times when Kevin is not performing at the same levels as his peers.
Just over spring break, I had a meltdown in my neighborhood. A few of us were standing around talking while all the neighborhood kids zoomed around on bikes and scooters.
It hit me like a ton of bricks–that Kevin wasn’t there. And he should have been there, zooming around like all the other kids. But, he was at home playing with his preferred toys since he does not have the skills yet to ride a bike or a scooter. I encouraged him to join us but he didn’t want to.
He was at home doing what he preferred, what he enjoyed.
So who am I to take that away from him?