Functional Money Skills
Remember when we were little, and we thought nickels were worth more than dimes, just because they were bigger? Ah, those were the days. As part of adulting, we need to teach our kids practical money skills.
Money as a topic usually falls under math. However, for kids with IEPs, it is also an independent living skill. Or a set of skills.
Debt is a huge problem.
I feel obligated to at least mention some debt statistics. Because I truly believe that Generation X, in which I grew up, were not taught adequate money skills as youth. Then, our coming of age was in the era of pretty much unlimited access to credit cards. Is it any wonder we have the debt problems we do?
- Two in ten adults say they roll over $2,500 or more a month in credit card debt [Source: NFCC]
- Average loans per student equal approximately $76,468 (total student loans/total students enrolled in public or private universities in 2018)*
- The typical American household now carries an average debt of $137,063. The median debt was only $50,971 in 2000.
Teaching Money Skills
My parents were horrible at teaching money skills. They randomly yelled out abstract concepts at me, like “Save your money!” and “Money doesn’t grow on trees!” But never taught me any specifics.
I also grew up in a household where money was an “adult topic” and I was never included in conversations. Then all of a sudden, I suppose, we’re just supposed to wake up one day and know what to do.
I’m working very hard to change the conversation and climate in my household and we include the boys in conversations. At holidays, when they receive gift cards, it’s a great opportunity to practice some of these skills. Brian also has an allowance to manage.
Now that he’s 10, we’re adding some specifics to his allowance and moving to an envelope system. I also opened up a bank account for him so that he could practice ‘going to the bank’ but I’m starting to wonder if that’s outdated. His generation won’t go to the bank.
Adding Money Skills to your IEP
Like anything else, IEP goals are based on needs. So, if you want a money skills IEP goal, make sure that the skill deficit is noted in IEP Present Levels. And, like everything else, you make note of this in your Parent Concerns letter and push the issue if the team doesn’t add it.
I realize that the IEP Money Goals listed below are not in a measurable format. To do that, just insert the skill into the IEP Goal Formula below.
IEP Goals for Functional Money Skills
Honestly, regardless of whether or not your child has a 504 or IEP, I think that these are valuable life goals for any kid. I can only imagine how much further along I’d be if I’d had this!
- Identify various currency and its value.
- Add and subtract currency when given some.
- Make change in various scenarios.
- Identify what is a financial necessity in life and what is not.
- Compile a budget at all levels, from a $25 gift card they have to spend, to a monthly income allowance.
- Know and describe the difference between a credit card, debit card, check card, check and gift card.
- Be able to comparison shop for different product categories.
- How to pay a bill.
- How to write a check and record it in the checkbook.
- online banking as appropriate.
- Explain the concept of interest–both earning and paying.
- Have/explain safe places to keep money and why.
- Explain the relationship between cash, checks and bank accounts.
- Show restraint and be able to successfully save money; achieve savings goal.
- Identify which support works best for student (calculator, phone, etc).
- Identify and name coins: penny, nickel, dime, quarter, and half-dollar.
- Identify the money symbols: cent sign, dollar sign, and decimal point.
- Convert one denomination of coins into another denomination (e.g., five pennies equal one nickel).
- When making purchases, determine that coins received as change are the correct amount.
- Identify and name 1, 5, and 10-dollar bills.
- Use currency when making purchases.
- Use a combination of coins and currency when making purchases and verify any change received.
- Given a variety of coins, STUDENT will identify and name the value of a penny, nickel, and dime with 100% accuracy 5/5 trials.
- Given a variety of coins and bills, STUDENT will identify the correct names and amounts with 100% accuracy 4/5 trials.
- When working with money, STUDENT will use the $, cent and decimal point appropriately with 80% accuracy 4/5 trials.
- Given a collection of coins, STUDENT will count money with 80% accuracy in 4/5 trials.
- Given a collection of dollar bills and coins, STUDENT will compare with 80% accuracy 4/5 trials.
- Given a variety of coins and bills, STUDENT will add and subtract given amounts with 80% accuracy 4/5 trials.
- Given a collection of dollar bills and coins, STUDENT will multiply and divide the money with 80% accuracy 4/5 trials.
- When presented with coins, STUDENT will identify the penny, nickel and dime 4 out of 5 trials with 80% accuracy.
- When given a group of dollars and coins, STUDENT will sort according to the value 4 out of 5 trials with 80% accuracy.
- When presented with a paycheck, STUDENT will sign in the correct area 5 out of 5 trials with 100% accuracy.
- When withdrawing and depositing money, STUDENT will use the correct operation in their checkbook registration 4 out of 5 trials with 80% accuracy.
- When given a variety of coins, STUDENT will count different values 4 out of 5 trials with 80% accuracy.
- When given a calculator, STUDENT will add and subtract money amounts 4 out of 5 trials with 80% accuracy.
- When provided money, STUDENT will purchase items from a vending machine 5 out of 5 trials with 100% accuracy.
- When given a price, STUDENT will use the “dollar up” method to determine the amount of money need to purchase the item 4 out of 5 trials with 80% accuracy.
How to Teach Money Skills to Kids
Most kids will receive instruction at school, usually as a part of a math course. However, this is an area where the parent likely has more opportunities for practice and in different settings.
- Videos-look on YouTube or Sesame Street
- Pretend Play-store, restaurant
- Social Stories
- Direct Instruction
- Board Games
- Fantasy Football Leagues are great for Executive Functioning
- Lemonade stands or other fundraisers
- Some banks offer videos and programs for kids.
- Practice, Practice, Practice!