Did you know that some American students, particularly those in rural areas such as Reservations, may ride the bus for over 2 hours one way? Not exactly rocket science to identify it as a contributing factor to absenteeism or drop out rates. Who wants to spend 4 or 5 hours on the school bus…in Arizona heat? A long schoool bus ride looks different depending where you live.
Now, that point wasn’t to make you super-grateful because your child only has a 60 or 90 minute ride. My point is that lots of kids have long school bus rides, and you are not alone.
Transportation and the IEP
A long bus ride by itself may not be enough reason to change it. IDEA does not define length of bus rides and what is appropriate. You’re going to have to focus on the I-Individual aspect of IEP as to why this is not appropriate for your child.
On an IEP, transportation is considered a related service. If you have transportation concerns, approach it the same way you would any other related service. How is or isn’t it meeting your child’s needs?
Ask your child about the bus ride
Like anything else, to the maximum extent possible, include your child in this process. What may seem like a long ride to the parents may be quite enjoyable for the student. My typical child often says that the bus ride is his favorite part of the day.
But that doesn’t mean that the situation is totally hopeless or that you cannot make it better.
What you can do about a long school bus ride
There are many thoughts rolling around in my head about this and how I would approach it if it was my child or a client. So, in no particular order:
- First, check your state’s regs. Some states define this, many do not. That might be all the data you need. Also read your school district transportation policy. This is not defined by IDEA, so you will have to find other places where it is defined, if possible.
- Identify/list/define why this long bus ride is detrimental to your child’s well being or accessing their education. Reasons might include dangerous situations due to Type 1 Diabetes or epilepsy, or the ride is so long that your child is hungry when they arrive at school or require medication.
- Call an IEP/504 meeting with all your reasons in a parent letter of concern. Keep in mind that is an issue that may not require you to convene the entire team. It may be appropriate in your letter to state that you only need the Director of Transportation, LEA, nurse, behaviorist and so on, and that you only need to discuss transportation.
- Transportation, if provided by the school, is absolutely a part of the education process and covered by an IEP. There’s no “well, that’s the bus, not school.” It is school.
- As far as IDEA, the bus is considered a “related service” and therefore part of the IEP. If your bus driver needs training, it’s quite appropriate to put it in the IEP.
- It’s the bus. We all remember what chaos occurred on the bus. It’s largely unsupervised and unstructured. If your child does not do well in those environments, including being bullied, then your concerns are valid.
- Be solution oriented: What would it take to make this situation better? Can the route be changed? What is required to add an aide? A camera on the bus?
- If the route cannot be changed or shortened, brain storm on what else could be done. If your district is running just one bus to get your child from Point A to Point B, see if a private transportation company can do it for cheaper. Can parents car pool? Can the parent be reimbursed for mileage for transporting the child?
- If the bus ride cannot be changed, what can happen to make it better? Can the child be exempted from usual policies and be allowed to eat as desired? Can they add wifi to the bus so that the child can work on homework (this is one of the solutions in Arizona)? What about headphones, iPad, Leap Pad, books, music, even tutoring! Think outside the box to make the most of a long bus ride.
- What are your non-negotiables, such as bullying, safety, seizures, etc.
- Document, document, document. If you’re not making progress, keep documenting bus incidents as necessary.
- Like anything else, when you come to an impasse in the IEP process, there are steps you can take.
- Rally other community members. One of the many reasons that school transportation has changed in recent years is due to the increase in parents driving their kids to school when they could take a bus. This means that a bus often has a longer route to cover, resulting in longer rides for some of the kids. Rally your community to be greener and take the bus when possible.
- If your district provides transportation for all students, then they must provide transportation for your child, regardless of placement. The only exception to this would be if it was part of a settlement agreement and not included.
- If your district does not provide transportation to any child, you will have to make the case that this is a necessary related service in order for your child to access FAPE.
School bus rides and Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
I feel I have to at least mention LRE. It’s not really a secret that “riding the short bus” carries with it a negative stigma and may open the child up to bullying and more. I certainly wish that as a society we were past that point, but we’re not. LRE extends to all areas of the IEP, not just the classroom placement. I say this only to take it into consideration. Your child may enjoy the regular school bus and it may be his/her only time with typical children all day.
Hopefully this gets you on the path to getting this resolved!
- 6 common questions and answers about special needs transportation
- Points to consider and discuss at IEP meeting, regarding transportation
- What Wrightslaw has to say about school bus rides
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