Working Memory IEP goals
Does your child struggle with Working Memory issues, and you want them added to the IEP? Have you heard parents talk about working memory skills, but you’re not sure what they are?
Ok, remember these?
I’m dating myself a bit, I know. But these are a great example of how we exercised our working memory. If you wanted to make a call, you looked up the number. You quickly memorized it while you walked to the telephone (which was attached to the wall!). When you got to the phone, you dialed the number, recalling it using your working memory.
Has it ever been raining when you went to work…but not on the way home? And then you forgot to bring your umbrella home, right? Because your working memory did not remind you! If the rain was not present to remind you to grab an umbrella, you forgot.
Functions of Working Memory:
- help you solve math problems
- make and achieve time management goals
- allow you to complete a longer reading passage and remember the beginning, and it’s relevance to the rest of the story/book
- ability to look in your fridge or pantry and remember what you need to buy at the grocery store
- ability to remember to bring home important things (like homework, shoes, coats)
We all do this all the time! In the morning it’s cool, so we wear a jacket or sweater. In the afternoon, it’s warm, so we forget to bring home that jacket or sweater. Throw in a few sensory issues, and it makes perfect sense why your kid came home only wearing one shoe. It happens!
Lack of a strong working memory can often be mistaken for cognitive and academic deficits, so interventions are definitely warranted. Working memory involves the ability to keep information active in your mind for a short time (2-3 seconds) to be able to use it for further processing. Working memory is our temporary storage system and helps us with our day-to-day tasks (e.g. following instructions, responding in conversations, listening and reading comprehension, organization). Can your child follow directions that are 2-3 steps? If not, they likely lack working memory skills.
Again, this is one of those invisible skills, or at least it is invisible if it’s present. If a person is lacking good working memory skills, then it’s very visible and often treated punitively rather than being supported.
How many times do you see an adult with a phone number or short phrase written on their hand? That is their own accommodation for working memory!
Cog-Med has some excellent charts and graphics that show working memory skills. Take a look.
Working Memory Skills for Kids
Working Memory Skills-Adult Examples
Working Memory IEP Goals
Goals should be developed using the student’s baselines defined in IEP Present Levels. From there, I would take the area of need and using the baseline and the IEP goal formula, make it measurable (flow chart below).
- The student will accurately repeat verbal instructions with 80% accuracy before beginning assignment as evidenced by teacher/staff observation and data.
- The student will accurately follow classroom procedures for turning in assignments with 80% accuracy 4 out of 5 consecutive days.
- The student will use mnemonics to aid in memorization of content material 4 out of 5 times as measured by teacher observations and data.
- The student will use graphic organizers to record or recall content knowledge 8 out of 10 times as evidenced by teacher feedback.
- The student will use an app or designated system to record questions that cannot be answered immediately.
Printable List of Working Memory Goals and Interventions
I found this only and while it overlaps a lot of the EF skills, it’s a good resource.
Working Memory Skills-Fluctuations
Many students lack working memory skills, or our skills fluctuate depending on age and stage of life. When we are stressed, we forget things. When we’re sick, unhealthy, distracted, the importance of the item, all of these things can affect working memory. I can remember exactly what brands and varieties of foods Kevin will eat and which restaurants have items for him. But I cannot buy my husband a 6-pack of beer that he likes and I continually buy him the wrong packs of sushi at Wegman’s. One item is just more important for me to remember.
If you’re aware of your issues, most adults compensate and find their own accommodations, such as creating a shopping list before you go to the grocery store. But if you have other learning disabilities or problem-solving is not your strong suit, the student may need accommodations and practice. Your working memory can improve with practice.
Working Memory IEP Accommodations
Here is a great chart I found from LD Canada.Working-Memory-IEP-Goals
In addition to IEP goals and SDIs that address working memory, you want it to be fun. There are many categories of board games and puzzles that will exercise your working memory.
A final note: I have seen so many kids who are punished for forgetting homework. Punished for forgetting to bring something to school or home. Yes, to function in society, it’s important to learn working memory skills or have our own set of supports. I cannot stress enough to work with the child, get their input and ideas and suggestions. I have seen too many kids just get downtrodden and deflated, because they are punished or grounded, over and over for something they are having trouble learning.
Most kids want to improve these skills and are not just being defiant by not bringing in homework. Stick with your child and get your team on board with supports and activities that help your child learn these skills….not just continually being punished for not having them.
Working Memory Games for Kids
- Guilford Publications
- Braaten, Ellen (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
- 207 Pages - 07/18/2014 (Publication Date) - The Guilford Press (Publisher)
- Hardcover Book
- Veitch, Catherine (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
- 48 Pages - 10/03/2017 (Publication Date) - QEB Publishing (Publisher)
- Snowden MA, Samantha (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
- 160 Pages - 11/27/2018 (Publication Date) - Althea Press (Publisher)
- BOARD GAME FOR FAMILIES-- Ditch the TV, cellphone, computer, both parents and kids, begin a detective board game together to increase the parent-child interactive, reignite family night. Now keep your eyes open and focus on the game board. Flip over clues cards and find the same patterns in the board, from figures and letters to animals and characters. Collect the most pairs to win and share the magic memories along the way.
- SURPRISING TOYS FOR PARTY-- Share the card game toy in the next party, which must surprise guests with laugh out loud. Help children to make more friends, cultivate kids' social ability. Unparalleled board games for kids 3 and up.
- UNIQUE GAMING EXPERIENCE-- Support 2 and more player, multiple playing methods and combination of different props which make the tabletop game more interesting than others, bring a unparalleled gaming experience. Perfect toys for 3,4,5,6,7 years old children
- EDUCATIONAL TOYS-- VATOS board match game are perfect for every age, taste, and event, such as party, festival, preschool education, gifts. Improves FINE MOTOR skills, HAND-EYE COORDINATION, exercise observation Ability, cultivate memory by requiring your child to find out the patterns in the card in each round game. Excellent memory game.
- SAFE LEARNING TOY- The learning toy includes 1 game board (diameter: 56cm/22"), 1 hourglass, 60 clues cards, 60 detective rings, 12 detective marks. All the board game products are regularly safety tested and in compliance with all domestic and international toy safety regulations. Safe for kids.
- IMPROVE THE CRITICAL SKILL YOUR CHILD NEEDS FOR SCHOOL AND GIFTED TESTING SUCCESS: Build your child's working memory - their ability to hold information in their heads and use it - to improve performance in reading, math word problems, gifted testing, following directions and more.
- TURN SKILL BUILDING INTO PLAY with activities featuring TestingMom's wacky and silly Space Babies! Use these cards to make a long car ride feel shorter. Or add in a few rewards (like a sticker for every right answer!) and make learning a game.
- ENJOY HOURS OF OFFLINE LEARNING FUN with 450+ challenges on 72 cards. Encourage tactile play while reducing screen time.
- CREATED FOR PARENTS BY PARENTS: These Gifted Learning flash cards are the brainchild of Karen Quinn, the Testing Mom, who knew she had to get creative when her son scored well below his potential on an early IQ test. The result? Learning tools that feel like play.
- DURABLE, SMUDGE-PROOF, DRY-ERASE MARKER FRIENDLY CARDS are easy to wipe clean and will last through countless sessions at home, in the car or on the go!
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