Here’s an interesting issue that passed by a lot of people. If you remember, the DSM was revised about a year or two ago. Of course, there was a TON of chatter about autism, Aspergers and issues related to those two disorders…how they were going to be defined, etc. So, while many in the disabilities community were focused on that issue, the whole intellectual disability changes passed us right by! Who knew??
Please note, I am not a doctor nor do I play one on the internet. I am merely sharing information that was shared with me verbally and then I chose to research it a bit. Please ask your own doctor or medical professional about diagnosing and your specific situation.
Ok, so here are the main points.
- The DSM V officially changed the name of the disorder to Intellectual Development Disorder (IDD). The previous name had been mental retardation.
- DSM V gives all axis diagnoses equal weight.
- IQ scores are removed from diagnostic criteria. Diagnostic criteria now has more of an emphasis on functional skills and level of supports required.
I personally find these new changes awesome. I have seen quite a number of kids who fall into that 70-80 range as far as IQ scores, but they really struggle. They could never qualify for an IDD diagnosis and the level of services it may bring them, despite really needing those services. I welcome these changes and hope that enough professionals, doctors and psychiatrists are aware of it. The “70 IQ” benchmark has been around for quite some time and it will take a while to change mindsets and common practices.
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